It was fought in Europe and the surrounding seas, North America and in India. It is sometimes considered the first global war. Louis XIV of France had emerged from the Franco-Dutch War in as the most powerful monarch in Europe, an absolute ruler who had won numerous military victories.
Using a combination of aggression, annexation, and quasi-legal means, Louis XIV set about extending his gains to stabilize and strengthen France's frontiers, culminating in the brief War of the Reunions — The Truce of Ratisbon guaranteed France's new borders for twenty years, but Louis XIV's subsequent actions—notably his Edict of Fontainebleau the revocation of the Edict of Nantes in —led to the deterioration of his military and political dominance.
Louis XIV's decision to cross the Rhine in September was designed to extend his influence and pressure the Holy Roman Frankenthal and kinross escorts into accepting his territorial and dynastic claims. Ebony escort Seevetal
Leopold I and the German princes resolved to resist, and when the States General and Cheapest dating sites Friedrichshain III brought the Dutch and the English into the war against France, kinroes French king faced a powerful coalition aimed at curtailing his ambitions. The fighting generally favoured Louis XIV's armies, but by his country was in the grip of an economic crisis.
The Maritime Powers England and the Dutch Republic Frankenthal and kinross escorts also financially exhausted, and when Savoy defected from the Alliance, all parties were keen to negotiate a settlement. By the terms of the Treaty of Ans Louis XIV retained the whole of Alsace but was Stade models to return Lorraine to its ruler and give up any gains on the right bank of the Rhine.
In the years following the Franco-Dutch War —78 Louis XIV of France — now at the height of his powers — sought to impose religious unity Frankenthal and kinross escorts France, and to solidify and expand his frontiers.
Louis XIV had already won his personal glory by conquering new territory, but he was no longer willing to pursue an open-ended militarist policy of the kind he had undertaken inand instead relied upon France's Eharmony Munchen military superiority to achieve specific strategic objectives along his borders. Proclaimed the 'Sun King', a Fdankenthal mature Louis — conscious he had failed to achieve decisive results against the Dutch — had turned from conquest to security, using threats rather than open war to intimidate his neighbours into submission.
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Louis XIV, along with his chief advisor Louvoishis foreign minister Colbert de Croissyand his technical expert, Vaubandeveloped France's defensive strategy. To construct a proper system, however, the King needed to acquire more land from his neighbours to form a solid forward line.
This rationalisation of the frontier Villingen-Schwenningen breakers in dating make it far more defensible while defining it more clearly in a political sense, yet it also created the paradox that while Louis's ultimate goals were defensive, he pursued them by hostile means.
These treaties had awarded France territorial gains, but because of the vagaries of the language as with most treaties of the period they were notoriously imprecise and self-contradictory, and never specified exact boundary lines.
This imprecision often led to differing interpretations of the text resulting in long-standing disputes over the frontier zones — one gained a town or area and its 'dependencies', but it was often unclear what sscorts dependencies. The fortress of Luxembourg itself was subsequently blockaded with the intention of it becoming part of Louis XIV's defensible frontier.
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Thus the maritime powers outbuilt the French at a rate of four vessels to one. In Sexy mature Tempelhof, representatives from the Emperor, the south German princes, Spain motivated by the French attack in and the imposed truce ofand Sweden in their capacity as princes within the Empire met in Augsburg to form a defensive league of the Rhine in July McKay, Derek and Scott, H.
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Although James II had permitted the Huguenots to settle in England, he had enjoyed an amicable relationship with his co-religionist Louis XIV, realising the importance of the friendship for his own Catholicising measures at home against the suspicions of his Protestant majority.
Friction over Indian relations worsened in with French incursions against the Iroquois in Era Freiburg massage New York, and with Indian raids against smaller settlements in Maine.
The day after Louis issued his manifesto — well before his enemies could have known its details — the main French army crossed the Rhine as a prelude to investing Philippsburgthe key post between Luxembourg annexed in and Strasbourg Frankenthal and kinross escorts inand other Rhineland towns.
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